Defining the Council's approach to tree management on its land
This policy defines the Council's approach to tree management on its land. It is intended to be a point of reference for the Public, Councillors and Clerk to ensure a consistent and structured approach to the management of the Council's trees. This policy sets out a proactive and systematic method of management that will both conserve and enhance our tree population and the amenity value of our land. For sites of special character, or that have trees of particular significance, this general policy will be supplemented with the site's particular management needs.
Due care will be taken by the Council to ensure that damage to trees by mowing and strimming is prevented. Longer grass margins around trees may be left. Protection will be provided for newly planted or young trees where appropriated, e.g. timber-sided planting boxes and strimmer guards.
The Council has a duty of care for its trees and will inspect trees in high risk areas by a recognised tree surgeon as necessary. High risk will include such areas as adjacent to the public highway, major footpaths and other areas of high use such as the Council's play areas.
The Council will also consider requests to conduct tree work on the Council's land from members of the public. If the request concerns a potentially dangerous tree, the tree will be inspected as soon as possible. If the request is of a non-urgent nature, an inspection will be undertaken within 60 days. In all cases, the member of the public will be informed of this inspection policy and will be informed of any action to be taken resulting from the inspection.
The Council recognises the importance of mature and ancient trees and will balance safety with a duty to protect the environment. Higher levels of risk will be acceptable in areas of lower footfall (e.g. the middle of a woodland site) as opposed to highly visited areas (e.g. play areas). This will allow the Council to keep veteran trees to encourage biodiversity without creating undue risk.
The Council will avoid felling trees unless it is necessary. This will be usually be for health and safety purposes, or to prevent the spread of serious tree diseases and pests. However, the Council reserve the right to fell trees to prevent overcrowding, to improve habitats or restore landscapes in line with site management or where a tree is inappropriate to it location and has a significantly detrimental impact on the appearance or amenity of a site.
Subject to a safety assessment and if appropriate to the specific site, large woody debris will be left in situ for the creation of wildlife habitats. Where possible, the trunks will be left standing, or lying on the ground in habitat piles. Tree stumps will also be left in situ where it is safe to do so as they provide a valuable wildlife habitat whilst they rot down.
Hedges are an attractive feature on our sites and provide an important habitat for a wide range of species, offering food, shelter, protection from predators, wintering and nesting sites, and act as transit corridors. It is recognised that trimming hedges too severely can have a detrimental impact on their wildlife value. Where there is no negative impact on health and safety (e.g. visibility for motorists), the Council aims to have taller, bushier hedges. However, the Council will ensure that hedge growth does not impair the safety of the highway users nor impede their access. Unless for urgent health and safety reasons, hedge cutting will not be conducted between April and August.
Tree work will be prioritised and carried out according to identified hazard and risk. After investigation and inspection, the Council will produce a programme of works within the available budgets. The emphasis will be on planned, rather than reactive, tree maintenance.
The following categories will be used to categorise our tree works:
Emergency: Dangerous trees requiring immediate attention
Timescale for works: Same day or next day wherever possible
Category One: Essential works to mitigate hazard
Target timescale for works: Within 12 weeks of identification
Category Two: Desirable Works
e.g. to improve tree health, loosening/removing tree ties as the trees grow
Target timescale for works: Within 6 months of identification
Category Three: Non-essential works
e.g. thinning out, formative pruning
Target timescale for works: Within 12 months of identification
Tree maintenance will be conducted by suitably trained Contractors subject to the nature of the work. All tree works will be conducted to comply with BS 3998: 2010 Tree Works – Recommendations.
Tree pruning will be carried out when deemed necessary following an assessment.
Pruning will be carried out:
For health and safety reasons e.g. to remove some of the lower branches of a tree located near a road to enable traffic to pass safely.
Where it benefits the health of the tree e.g. pollarding will be conducted regularly on certain species where it extends the lifespan of the tree and prevents splitting.
Where it is in-line with site-specific management plans
There may be times when the tree maintenance the Council conducts does not meet the expectations of the public requesting works. In this situation, members of the public are advised to follow our Complaints Policy and Procedure.
When the Council will not undertake tree pruning or removal maintenance:
In response to natural occurrences that do not pose a health and safety risk, such as falling nuts, bird droppings, falling leaves, or sap exudation
Where trees have a negative impact on television reception, where the canopy is blocking lighting, with the exception of street lighting
Where the tree is blocking views from a residence
During the nesting season (March to August), unless the work is for urgent health and safety reasons. It is an offence to intentionally damage or destroy the next of any wild bird while it is in use or being built; therefore tree works will avoid this
If a tree contains roosting bats (it is a criminal offence to recklessly or intentionally disturb bats, or to damage or destroy a roost). If work is required for health and safety reasons, the advice of English Nature will be sought.
Trees overhanging an adjacent property unless it poses a health and safety risk
Removal of dead branches (conduct crown cleaning) from trees located in relatively quiet locations due to their ecological value. However, if the dead or diseased branches pose a health and safety risk, or are felt to be impacting upon the tree's health, crown cleaning will be conducted.
This policy is reviewed annually